Words are empty buckets that carry meaning individual to a person or group.
I have reviewed several dozen philosophers of the modern era, and they seem obsessed about language, as if by creating rules around words philosophy may progress in some manner. I consider the obsession with words a dead end, a waste of time.
Words are noises. Words are useless empty containers that only become meaningful when meaning is given to them. The meaning is relevant only to the individual or group that uses that word.
An examination of words are only relevant to understanding the minds of the people that uses those words, for they are tools that those people use to interact in their particular locus. The Sami are nomads who live in the Arctic, they have 300 words to describe ice and snow, and several dozen words for reindeer. In Islam they have 100 words to describe their god, and the Arab uses dozens of words in regard to camels.
The word “gay” has different meanings to different peoples: pre 1900’s it meant “happy” and “bright”; amongst homosexuals it describes their sexual outlook; amongst children it means “stupid”.
Each profession, industry and subculture have their own words. Children in schools have their own mini cultures with their own words.
Anyone studying dreams knows the language of dream is rarely of words, but metaphors, biased towards function, action and concrete based meanings.
Part of the problem philosophers have is that many languages are abstract, so meaning must be obtained through mind rather than the senses. In coding artificially intelligent computers abstract words are also problematic, as how does one code the meaning of love to a computer?
I liked the article on ancient Jewish treatment of language based on concrete thought, action, function and personalised approaches.