Quest to find origins of the Celts lead to surprising links.
It all started over an argument if the Druids built Stonehenge. I considered the Druids did build Stonehenge, which I then went out to prove.
Use of memetics
All human ideas and actions can be reduced down to memes, defined in the Oxford Dictionary as:
“an element of a culture or system of behaviour passed from one individual to another by imitation or other non-genetic means.”
An organised group of memes is a memeplex. Druidism is a memeplex.
I had to back date the Druidism memeplex several thousand years back from when Julius Caesar was writing about them in around 55 BCE. I had to account for possible external influences that could account for Druidism appearing in Britain. Druidism is a memeplex connected to Celtic peoples, thus I needed to work out the boundaries of maximum influence of the Celts on the world map.
The Celts are a diverse people, but I needed to find a common denominator that made them Celtic. With the common denominator I could work out boundaries, and then examine within those boundaries all the memes to build a case for the link of Druidism with Stonehenge. I examined the DNA, and bingo the Celts are marked out with the Haplogroup R1B Y-DNA.
R1B neatly follows the geographical zone of influence of the Celts. The Celts are R1B. The R1B goes back thousands of years. The highest distributions of R1B are in areas of the highest distribution of henge monuments like Stonehenge. R1B are indigenous to Britain and Western Europe, if this was not so then the distribution would show this, and a clear route of migration from another point on the map would be seen.
In the zones of R1B I then began to list and examine all the Celtic memes, which built up a picture that the Druids were linked to Stonehenge along many points, with no evidence of external influence.
Where did R1B come from?
When a stone is thrown into a pool of water, the strongest point of influence is the point at which it hit the water, and then the influence weakens as the ripples move outwards. At 80% + distribution R1B is strongest in Spain and the British Isles. Of interest is the shortest point between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean in Spain, which shows a spike to 80% + of R1B compared to the surrounding areas of Spain, which is the Basque country and the Pyrenees.
From the Basque country of Spain the R1B ripples outwards becoming weaker in distribution the further it goes. I dismiss the British Isles as the centre of gravity from which R1B emerged for the following reasons:
- Much of the British Isles was under Ice during the Ice Age, and the Basque country would have offered a more hospitable climate.
- Irish legend notes that the Irish people came from Spain.
- The British Isles are out of the way for roving invaders, the Romans never bothered to invade Ireland, thus genetically they were less corrupted leading to high R1B readings.
The Basques have been considered a “living fossil” based on an examination of their language, an example of the earliest modern human who colonised Europe at the last Ice Age. The Basques have other unusual quirks that they have little B blood type or AB blood type, amongst them.
It is in the Basque country that the Neanderthals are strongly focused, the last location they died out in.
I am surprised that academics have yet to make connections of how significant the Basques are, for all their studies indicate they are only seeing their own little piece of ground, rather than climbing the mountain to see everything.
I have made the possible connection that R1B is the result of R1 migration of modern humans moving from India and Asia via Eastern Europe and into the Basque country, where they mixed with Neanderthals. The new hybrid then migrated outwards using the sea, moving to Chad in Africa, northwards with the loss of ice, and eastward along the northern Mediterranean edge into the Black Sea area.