The purpose and nature of a State is to benefit everyone involved in the State.
I read a blog post yesterday upon the subject of killing people to harvest their organs. My blog post deals with the boundaries between self and State.
Purpose of State and the Social Contract
The individual increases their chances of survival by bonding together with other individuals in common accord, sharing the burdens and rewards of their common effort. The group forms the State with the purpose that the State benefits all participants in the State. The individuals in the State define their liberties and obligations between the State and themselves in the form of a Social Contract, commonly known as the Law.
Principle of ultra vires
In English law is the principle of ultra vires, meaning “beyond the powers.” The Law in the UK limits the police on when and how they can arrest a UK citizen, if the police go beyond their powers in Law they are in ultra vires, the citizen has the right to sue the police.
Law and You
If the State passes a law that empowers doctors to kill you to harvest your organs, the doctor is within their rights to terminate your life and steal your body parts. Ultra vires arguments are invalid against laws that the State passes that invades the individuals enjoyment of their life and body.
What is Truth?
A thing is true if it follows its purpose, nature or natural law, all else is an ignorant opinion. The State may pass laws, and the State may put forward argument for those laws, but the test of truth is if the law and argument follows purpose, nature and natural law, otherwise it is ignorant and hubristic. The individual or State who has gone beyond truth is in hubris, they are in danger of a great fall.
Natural Law and the State
The individual is a part of nature, so is the State, both individual and State being part of nature are bound to and a part of the natural order and natural law. Heraclitus calls natural law, the common, the Daoist might call it “the Way,” ancient Romans call it ius divinum, or divine law. In the mind of the Roman the individual and State are part of the divine order, and subject to divine laws, the good action is to harmonise human laws with the divine laws, to maintain pax deorum, harmony between the divine and humanity, the peace of the gods. Even if the State makes an act lawful, the act is in Roman terms “nefas,” contrary to divine law. The penalty for nefas, is a monstrum, an event that is contrary to, or exceeds nature, which Seneca beautifully describes as “a visual and horrific revelation of the truth.”
Purpose and Nature of a Thing
A purpose of a knife is to cut objects, it is in the nature of a knife to cut objects. A good knife is a sharp knife, for the sharpness allows the knife to achieve its purpose and nature better, as opposed to the blunt knife doing the opposite. The purpose and nature of the knife to cut objects is its common, or Way or its divine law. To use a knife contrary to the purpose or nature of a knife, is to commit nefas, a monstrum results, which destroys the knife or injures the user of the knife.
If it is the purpose of the State to benefit all individuals who are part of the State, the State and its Law must stay within its purpose and nature to benefit all individuals; that is to act without favouring one individual at the disadvantage of another. It is zero relevance what human law the State passes or argues for, if the State has gone against its purpose and nature, then the State has shattered the pax deorum, the divine peace; the doctor acting within the Law who deprived an individual of their life to harvest their body organs is committing nefas, going against the nature and purpose of the State, which is to benefit all its citizens rather than one over another.
Monstrum of killing people for their organs
A corrupt doctor murders a poor healthy child, their organs harvested to transplant into a fee paying rich millionaires child. This unfortunately has already happened around the world.
The State and the Social Contract is void. Fearful individuals will fight their State. The State must use force against its own citizens, thus the State is the tyrant benefiting the few against the many. The State must wage an unsustainable war of control against its own people until it collapses into total anarchy.
The State must act always according to its nature and purpose, to benefit all equally and never to advantage one at the disadvantage of another, to do so results in the negative outcomes as seen today in Syria. The State is part of nature, thus bound by the same natural laws as any bee or flower. It is good action to match human laws to the purpose and nature of the State, and to the overall natural order, thus the State enjoys prosperity rather than what befell the Roman Empire when it ignored the spiritual wisdom of its own religion.